Gold was the lifeblood of South Africa. The way it39;s dug out has changed little since apartheid when underpaid black miners often worked in mortal danger. At its worst, more than 800 workers a ...
South Africa has the second largest reserves of uranium in the world. The Nuclear Fuels Corporation of South Africa started processing uranium as a by product of gold mining in 1967. Most of the uranium produced as a by product of gold mining is concentrated in the gold fields of the Witwatersrand area.
Miners, mining materials and equipment are transported deep underground via the mine cage in the vertical shaft, which can go to depths of up to 3.5km below the surface. Open pit gold mining also takes place in South Africa. This is a mining technique which excavates at the surface to extract ore.
The South Deep gold mine, located in Gauteng Province of South Africa, is one of the worlds biggest gold mines. It is also the seventh deepest mine in the world with a depth of 2,995m below the surface. It has a mine life of 75 years. The underground gold mine also has a large resource base of uranium.
In South Africa, mining for gold typically involves methods like panning, sluicing, dredging, hard rock mining and by product mining. The most effective method used is hard rock mining, since reserves are typically encased in deep underground rock. Where is gold found in South Africa?
The Extractive Metallurgy Of Gold In South. MS Rock Mechanics in Mining Practice 1983 3rd imp. 1986 Edited by S. Budavari M6 Assay and Analytical Practice in the South African Mining Industry 1986 W.C. Lenahan and R. de L. Murray Smith M7 The Extractive Metallurgy of Gold in South Africa, 2 volumes 1987 Edited by G. G Stanley THE SPECIAL PUBLICATIONS SERIES
More recently, other countries have surpassed South Africa, although none has approached the country39;s peak production which occurred in the 1970s. This was the boom period for South African gold mining with production peaking in 1970 at more than 1,000 tonnes and the gold price reaching $850/oz in 1980.
Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold bearing reefs 40 miles wide centred on present day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom: immigration, urbanization, capital investment, and labour migrancy.